Technologies that will be promising in very different areas and spheres of human life
This is a way of launching computer games in which they are opened on a remote server rather than on the user's device. It works on the model of streaming: the server transmits audio and video streams to the gamer. At the same time, the user controls the character from his device. "Cloud gamers" do not need to constantly spend on expensive computer upgrades to meet the latest requirements of the gaming industry. The most demanding games can be launched from any device - even a TV - with minimal latency. The technology is called one of the main modern developments: by 2024, the cloud gaming market is expected to grow tenfold to $450 million.
This is an area of artificial intelligence related to image and video analysis. The systems consist of a photo or video camera and specialized software that identifies and classifies objects. They are able to analyze images (photos, pictures, videos, barcodes) as well as faces and emotions. According to TAdviser research, from 2018 to 2023, the volume of the domestic market for solutions in this area will increase fivefold to 38 billion rubles. The technology can be used in security, industry, medicine, trade, education, leisure, finance, transportation, and many other areas.
When the cost of error is high, and cataclysms and crises raise the stakes, it is necessary to develop the ability to act under conditions of uncertainty, preferably in a safe environment. This can be done in simulations - virtual "laboratories" for decision-making. They feel like an immersion in reality and reflect its contradictions. There can be no single correct decision, because every decision has a cost and negative consequences. They can be practiced by natural and technical scientists, managers, military and medical professionals.
CRISPR and gene therapy to increase life expectancy
There are about 7.8 billion people living on the planet today, approximately 9% of whom are over the age of 65. However, there are already technologies that can at least slow down the aging process, if not stop it. Gene therapy is a technology by which a genetic construct is inserted into certain cells in the body where genes are missing or malfunctioning. The second technique, CRISPR-Cas9, allows us to edit (e.g., cut and paste) DNA sequences in cells. It is our main weapon in the fight against genetic diseases. Importantly, this technology is becoming cheaper, faster and easier to use.
Cellular technology in creating the food of the future
Cellular agriculture is just one way to put food production in other hands. Mankind has already learned how to make meat, fish, and dairy products without using animals. And meat can be grown not only from animal cells, there are scientists who create meat-like proteins from plants. The characteristics of these products almost completely reproduce traditional analogs in their composition. And gene editing is used to increase the yield of the products.
As technology advances, devices are becoming more compact. The quintessential trend is subcutaneous microchips, which can (or will soon be able to) do everything. For example, with the help of an implanted chip, an ambulance will be able to obtain important information about a patient without losing valuable time - health insurance policy, medications taken, allergic reactions, blood type, etc. In the future, it will even be possible to monitor vital body functions and get accurate data in real time. They already now make it possible to manage your bank account and smartphone, pay for shopping and transportation, regulate the opening of doors in the office or at home, add client cards of gyms or loyalty cards of stores.
This is the "point" in materials science where manipulation becomes nano-scale: it's a million times smaller than the size of an ant, 8,000 times smaller than a red blood cell, and 2.5 times smaller than a strand of DNA. Nanobots are machines that can self-reproduce and take apart any material, atom by atom, and use this "raw material" to create anything.
This is a direction of regenerative medicine, in which tissues and organs are assembled from a conglomerate of cells like a constructor. They are built layer by layer according to a three-dimensional digital model on bioprinters, which are produced by about 80 companies around the world. They have already been used to produce bones and cartilage.